Shenzhen has land, sea, air and rail checkpoints. Checkpoints in Shenzhen have the largest flow of people and goods in China. The city is also one of the most developed cities in modern logistics. It has many leading logistics companies and supply chain enterprises in China.
Shenzhen has 15 checkpoints that allow the flow of both Chinese and foreign nationals. Luohu Checkpoint is China's busiest land passenger checkpoint, while Huanggang Checkpoint offers around-the-clock service. Futian Checkpoint offers seamless transfer by Metro to Hong Kong, and Shenzhen Bay Checkpoint offers both Hong Kong and Shenzhen immigration inspection services. In 2016, 239 million people and 15.84 million vehicles crossed the border through Shenzhen checkpoints. An average of 656,000 people and 43,300 vehicles crossed the border per day.
Shenzhen Customs is under the direct leadership of the General Administration of Customs of China. Shenzhen and Huizhou are both under the jurisdiction of Shenzhen Customs, one of China's busiest customs agencies. It provides around-the-clock customs declarations for enterprises.
Shenzhen has 152 berths, including 47 container berths. A total of 236 international container routes go through Shenhzen, giving the city one of China's highest densities of international liners. It has 48 foreign trade barge routes and 21 sister ports. In 2016, the volume of containers that moved through the city's ports was 23.98 million TEUs, ranking third globally for four consecutive years.
Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport is China's first modern airport that opened to all transport modes - road, waterborne and air. It has 34 passenger airlines, 11 cargo airlines, 190 passenger air routes and 34 cargo routes by the end of January 2017. In 2016, the airport handled 41.98 million passengers and 1.13 million tons of cargo.
Shenzhen has been designated as a national railway pivot city, where the railways extend in all directions. The Xili Railway Station that is under construction will become the second major high-speed rail station in the city. The construction of the Guangdong section of the Ganzhou-Shenzhen railway started at the end of 2016 and the land acquisition in Shenzhen has been carried out. The Shenzhen-Jiangmen section of the Shenzhen-Maoming railway has been included in China Railway Corporation's 13th Five-Year Railway Plan and will start construction in 2018. The Guangzhou-Dongguan-Shenzhen intercity line is under construction. The Futian-Shanwei express railway has been put into operation, which improves the transportation in the east of Shenzhen.
By February 2017, Shenzhen had 87 road passenger transport companies, 36 regular bus companies, 71 chartered vehicle companies and 20 companies operating regular buses and chartered vehicles. Shenzhen has long-distance buses to all major counties and cities in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, as well as more than 20 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions. Shenzhen will play a bigger role as a road transport hub in the pan-Pearl River Delta area with the integration of delta cities and the expansion of the expressway network.
By the end of February 2017, eight Metro lines with over 314 vehicles were being operated in Shenzhen, forming a 285-km Metro network. Currently, 12 lines with a total length of 148 kilometers are under construction. In 2016, Shenzhen Metro transported over 1.29 billion passengers and a maximum of 3.54 million people each day. Rail traffic has become an important part of public transport in the city. Since the operation of lines 7, 9 and 11, about 4.5 million people haven chosen to take Metro daily.
By the end of 2016, nearly 10 million passengers used public buses daily. About 95.17% residents could walk to a bus stop within 500 meters of their home. The city owns 15,483 public transport vehicles and has 976 public transport routes under operation which extend 1,12 million kilometers. The total number of new-energy vehicles used for public transport has reached 19,328, among which16,357 are buses and 2,971 are electric taxis.
The overall competitiveness of logistics in Shenzhen leads other cities in China in 2016. The city has sped up the adjustment of the industrial structure. New trials such as exploring new business sector, new business pattern and new concept appeared in the industry. With the help of the Internet, many traditional enterprises have upgraded their business modes. Local logistics companies now seek for exploring overseas markets and extending the service network and value-added service chain.
BASICS OF LOGISTICS
The logistics industry in 2016 yielded 198.45 billion yuan of added value, growing 9.42% from 2015 and accounting for 10.18% of the city's GDP, which indicates the logistics industry's increasing support to the city's economy. In 2016, the societal logistics expenditure was 254.25 billion yuan, up 9.03% from 2015, comprising 13.04% of the city's GDP.
By the end of 2016, there were 90 key logistics enterprises in Shenzhen. The traditional service of logistics has been speeding up its transformation towards third-party logistics and supply chain management. Many enterprises with supply chain management and large numbers of leading enterprises in third-party logistics have set up their headquarters in Shenzhen, making the logistics management efficiency of the city reach the level of moderately developed countries. SF Express is the largest private express enterprise in China; China Merchants Logistics, whose assets rank first among all third-party logistics enterprises, owns a network of logistics distribution that covers all third-tier cities and above.
CHINA (SHENZHEN) INTERNATIONAL LOGISTICS & TRANSPORTATION FAIR
The 2016 China (Shenzhen) International Logistics & Transportation Fair, jointly organized by the Ministry of Transport and Shenzhen Municipal Government, was held from October 12-14 at Shenzhen Convention and Exhibition Center. The exhibition attracted 1,598 enterprises from 51 countries and regions to join in and received over 120,000 visitors and purchasing agents from 80 countries and regions.