THE Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a grade-II influenza index - the second-highest alert for flu outbreak - for three consecutive weeks. Residents, especially young children, are advised to take precautions to protect themselves against flu viruses, the Shenzhen Evening News reported yesterday.
According to the report, children below 5 years old are at higher risk of getting the flu. Experts from the CDC said children should try to avoid close contact with sick people. They should avoid touching their eyes, nose and mouth and wash their hands with soap and water after being in contact with people with flu symptoms.
Parents are advised to ventilate their dwellings every day and avoid taking their kids to crowded places. They should wear a mask when going to the hospital.
If people are sick with flu symptoms, they should get plenty of sleep, drink water often and cover their nose and mouth with a tissue when they cough or sneeze. They should see a doctor if symptoms, such as fever or cough, continue. Parents are advised to give their kids fever-reducing medicine if their kids' body temperature is above 38.5 degrees Celsius.
The CDC recommends a yearly flu vaccine as the first and most important step in protecting against flu viruses. Young babies can get their first flu vaccine when they turn 6 months old.
According to the CDC, the proportion of flu cases in total outpatient cases in the city had two peaks last year - one in summer and one in winter. The winter peak occurred in late December, with a higher proportion compared to previous years.