SHENZHEN and Guangzhou are expected to fully introduce mandatory waste classification by the end of 2020 as part of Guangdong Province's efforts in tackling solid waste pollution.
A three-year plan drafted by the Department of Environmental Protection of Guangdong Province to curb solid waste pollution is soliciting public opinions until Nov. 20, sznews.com reported.
According to the draft, Guangdong aims to basically complete the disposal system for solid waste recycling and harmless treatment across the province and to establish a relatively sound supervision system by 2020.
To this end, the draft has put forward five specific goals. By 2020, the safe disposal rate of industrial hazardous waste and medical waste in Guangdong should reach more than 99 percent. The comprehensive utilization rate of industrial solid waste should reach more than 80 percent. The harmless disposal rate of sewage sludge in urban sewage treatment plants should reach more than 90 percent. And the harmless disposal rate of household garbage in urban and rural areas should reach more than 98 percent and 95 percent, respectively.
"Since 2010, the hazardous waste in our province has increased by about 9.6 percent on average annually. We urgently need to solve the contradiction between the increasing amount of solid waste and the unbalanced disposal and utilization capacity," a spokesman with the provincial environment authority pointed out.
In this regard, speeding up the construction of solid waste treatment facilities has been a top priority on the agenda, alongside five other categories of facilities concerning hazardous waste, medical waste, sewage sludge, industrial solid waste and household garbage.
In the implementation of waste classification and recycling, an effective collection, transportation and disposal system should be established. Key enterprises are also encouraged to voluntarily build disposal facilities for solid waste, especially hazardous waste.
For the recycling of electronic waste, a reverse logistics recycling network integrating the Internet-plus model will be piloted in order to promote intelligent and automatic recycling.
The draft also makes explicit the responsibilities of each link in the prevention and control of solid waste, from sources and transportation to disposal units and any relevant government departments. In addition, household garbage incineration plants should release emissions data in real time.