The Shenzhen government has been increasing investment in infrastructure facilities to improve public services, quality of life and social welfare.
The annual average salary paid to Shenzhen workers was 59,010 yuan in 2012, up 7 percent from the previous year.
The per capita annual disposable income was 40,742 yuan in 2012, up 11.6 percent from the previous year. The per capita annual living expenditure last year was 26,728 yuan, up 11 percent from the previous year. The Engel coefficient, or proportion of income spent on food, was 36.3 percent for urban residents.
Since March 1, 2013, the city's minimum wage has increased to 1,600 yuan per month and 14.5 yuan per hour.
The city has established a public health insurance system that covers almost every resident. In 2012, 11.39 million residents were included in the public health insurance system, an increase of 5.6 percent from 2011. A total of 7.92 million people bought the basic old-age pension and 3.41 million people bought unemployment insurance, up 5.4 percent and 13.5 percent respectively from the previous year.
Shenzhen will take the national lead to reform the present social welfare system and build a fair network that benefits most residents. By the end of 2012, Shenzhen had 34 welfare houses. There were 5,894 beds in the welfare houses, up 11.3 percent from the previous year. A total of 8,598 people received minimum-living assistance in 2012, down 19.8 percent from the previous year. The total minimum-living assistance released in 2012 was 41.54 million yuan, down 9.1 percent from the previous year.
Welfare and Community Organizations
There were 5,656 NGOs in the city in 2012, among which 1,182 were welfare organizations, accounting for 20.1 percent of the city's social organizations and up 34.8 percent from the previous year. In April 2013, there were 3,179 part-time social workers, 4,000 professional social workers, 460,000 registered volunteers and 214 community service centers.
In July 2012, 544 organizations and 150,000 people attended the first China Welfare Project Exchange Fair organized by the Ministry of Civil Affairs, State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, Guangdong Provincial Government and Shenzhen Municipal Government.