Strong R&D capability and a complete industrial chain have made high-tech industries Shenzhen's most important pillar.
The total output value of high-tech products made in Shenzhen reached 1.7 trillion yuan in 2015, up 11.16% from the previous year.
INPUT IN R&D
In 2015, expenditure of R&D of Shenzhen accounted for 4.05% of its GDP.
In 2015, the PCT applications amounted to 13,300, comprising 46.9% of the nation's total and stayed at the top of China for several consecutive years. There are 5,524 recognized State-level high-tech enterprises in Shenzhen. The 4G technology, genetic sequencing analysis, metamaterial technology, new energy automobile and 3D display technology are among the leading technologies in the world.
HIGH-TECH INDUSTRIAL PARK
Construction of the Shenzhen High-Tech Industrial Park, known as SHIP, started in September 1996, with a planned area of 11.5 square kilometers. In 2015, there were 985 high-tech companies in the park and 444 companies' annual output value was over 100 million yuan. There were 84 listed companies.
VIRTUAL UNIVERSITY PARK
Shenzhen Virtual University Park was built in 1999. The park's major functions are to train and introduce first-class professionals, integrate industrial and research resources, establish key research labs and doctoral workshops, and promote cooperation between Hong Kong and Shenzhen research centers. So far, it has cultivated more than 240,000 professionals, and fostered 967 start-up companies and 240 research centers. It has eight peacock teams.
Cosponsored by the Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Ministry of Agriculture, State Intellectual Property Office, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Engineering and Shenzhen Municipal Government, the China Hi-Tech Fair (CHTF) began in 1999 and has been held each year since. The 18th CHTF will be held in November 2016.
BGI-Shenzhen, established in 2007, is engaged in scientific research of public interest. BGI-Shenzhen has achieved breakthroughs in the large-scale discovery of gene resources, in the sequencing of complicated genomes of higher forms of life, and in the research of inherited diseases. BGI-Shenzhen topped the industrial organizations by collaboration score.
SHENZHEN INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY OF CAS
The Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology of CAS was established in 2006 by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shenzhen Municipal Government and The Chinese University of Hong Kong. With a talent pool of around 2,000 scientists, the institute focuses on fields including robotics, healthcare and medicine, new energies and new materials, cloud computing and the Internet of Things. It incubated over 300 companies and five of them will be listed on the National Equities Exchange and Quotations System or ChiNext.
KUANG-CHI INSTITUTE OF ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY
The Kuang-Chi Institute of Advanced Technology is a research institute sponsored in 2010 by industries, government and venture capitalists. Kuang-Chi Institute attracts distinguished scientists from different countries and territories and features collaborative cross-disciplinary research on metamaterials. In 2015, its patent applications reached 3,000 and the patents in metamaterial research accounted for 85% of the total applications in this field.
NATIONAL SUPERCOMPUTING CENTER
The National Supercomputing Center in Shenzhen (Shenzhen Cloud Computing Center) is the city's largest scientific infrastructure facility. The Dawn 6000 supercomputer system can perform 1.27 quadrillion calculations per second, certified in 2010 as the second-fastest system in the world. The center was put into use in November 2011, processing massive data for scientific research, technological and engineering projects as well as serving as a cloud computing center for the whole society.
SHENZHEN-HONG KONG INNOVATION CIRCLE
The establishment of the Shenzhen-Hong Kong Innovation Circle fosters technological collaboration between Shenzhen and Hong Kong to create a global innovation center across the region. Since Shenzhen and Hong Kong signed a plan supporting the Shenzhen-Hong Kong Innovation Circle in 2007.
HIGH-TECH TALENT POOL
By the end of 2015, Shenzhen was home to 1.35 million professional technicians. Of those technicians, 60,000 had studied abroad. The Peacock Plan, aiming to attract top talent from overseas, helped 588 professionals settle in the city in 2015 and helped 1,364 talents in total. In 2015, there were 2.85 million skilled talents in Shenzhen, among them 690,000 were high-skilled talents.