Shenzhen has land, sea, air and rail checkpoints. Checkpoints in Shenzhen have the largest flow of people and goods in China.
Shenzhen has 15 checkpoints that allow the flow of both Chinese and foreign nationals. Luohu Checkpoint is China's busiest land passenger checkpoint, while Huanggang Checkpoint offers around-the-clock service. Futian Checkpoint offers seamless transfer by Metro to Hong Kong, and Shenzhen Bay Checkpoint offers both Hong Kong and Shenzhen immigration inspection services. In 2015, 239 million people and 15.5 million vehicles crossed the border through Shenzhen checkpoints. An average of 654,000 people and 42,500 vehicles crossed the border per day.
Shenzhen Customs is under the direct leadership of the General Administration of Customs of China. Shenzhen and Huizhou are both under the jurisdiction of Shenzhen Customs, one of China's busiest customs agencies. It provides around-the-clock customs declarations for enterprises.
Shenzhen has 159 berths, including 42 container berths. A total of 255 international container routes go through Shenhzen, giving the city one of China's highest densities of international liners. It has 46 foreign trade barge routes and 19 sister ports.
Shenzhen is an important railway terminal in South China, the regional center of the Pearl River Delta and the primary supporting point in the planned transportation network. As the critical lines of Hangzhou-Fuzhou-Shenzhen Railway and Beijing-Hong Kong Railway, Xiamen-Shenzhen Railway and Guangzhou-Shenzhen Railway started operating in 2013 and 2011 respectively. In addition, Shenzhen North Railway Station, Shenzhen East Railway Station and Shenzhen Pingshan Railway Terminal are becoming regional rail transport hubs in southern China.
By March 2015, Shenzhen had 88 road passenger transport companies, 35 regular bus companies, 73 chartered vehicle companies and 20 companies operating regular buses and chartered vehicles. Shenzhen has long-distance buses to all major counties and cities in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, as well as more than 20 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions, including Hainan, Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi, Fujian, Shanghai and Liaoning. Shenzhen will play a bigger role as a road transport hub in the pan-Pearl River Delta area with the integration of delta cities and the expansion of the expressway network.
By the end of July 2016, six Metro lines with over 200 vehicles were being operated in Shenzhen, forming a 229-km Metro network. In 2015, Shenzhen Metro transported 1.12 billion passengers and a maximum of 3.07 million people each day, accounting for 31.3% of the total public transportation. Rail traffic has become an important part of public transport in the city.
Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport is China's first modern airport that opened to all transport modes - road, waterborne and air. It has 42 passenger airlines, 11 cargo airlines, 157 passenger air routes and 36 cargo routes to 123 cities in 14 countries and regions. In 2015, the airport handled 39.72 million passengers and 1 million tons of cargo. The airport placed fourth among domestic airports in terms of comprehensive strength.
By the end of 2015, about 10 million passengers used public buses daily. About 94.96% residents could walk to a bus stop within 500 meters of their home. The city owns 15,120 public transport vehicles and has 903 public transport routes under operation which extended about 965 million kilometers. The total number of new-energy vehicles used for public transport has reached 9,085, among which 6,650 are buses and 2,435 are electric taxis.