With a continuously expanding economy and fast evolving science and technologies, Shenzhen is upgrading its industries to promote an environment-friendly lifestyle and low-carbon growth. The quality, optimally structural and low-energy consuming development mode has become the city’s new normal.
Forests cover 41.2 percent of the city’s total land. The average annual concentration of PM2.5 in the city is 28 micrograms per cubic meter, making Shenzhen one of the 10 cities in the country with the best air quality. The Neilingding Island-Futian National Nature Reserve is the only and the smallest nature reserve within the city in China.
Shenzhen has persisted in improving the quality of urban environment. It has pushed ahead with the comprehensive management of 600 villages in the city and carried out a natural gas pipeline project for households. The city has renovated 2,730 roads as well as built and upgraded more than 1,200 public toilets. A number of high-quality parks have been built, such as Shenzhen Talent Park, Xiangmi Park and the coastal leisure belt of Shenzhen Bay. A total of 69 parks were built and renovated and 184 flower-dotted blocks and gardens were built on the streets. Shenzhen has also witnessed new achievements in the construction of a world-famous flower city and the cleanest city in the country. It has won the title of National Forest City.
The 526 cases handed over by the central environmental protection inspection group have been basically completed, and a total of 1,069 illegal buildings within the city’s major water sources were demolished. The efforts in water pollution control were unprecedented and the city has fully implemented the river-chief, lake-chief and bay-chief rule. In 2018, the city added 2,855 kilometers of sewage pipes and completed rainwater and sewage diversion projects in 7,146 housing estates. Sixteen new water purification plants have been rebuilt and expanded, with an additional sewage treatment capacity of 660,000 tons per day. The pollution index of Maozhou River decreased by 47.3 percent. Shenzhen River, Guanlan River and Pingshan River met the national quality standard of Grade V for surface water in December 2018. The comprehensive pollution index of Shenzhen Bay dropped by 32.5 percent. A total of 9,329 substandard enterprises were regulated. To further improve air quality, Shenzhen has taken new attempts to cut emissions. It has adopted new fuel quality standard for cleaner air and eliminated about 130,000 old cars. Shenzhen has 90,000 new energy vehicles, more than 1,500 intelligent dump trucks, and basically has its taxi fleet all powered by electricity. There are 20,000 new charging piles in the city, an increase of 68 percent. Moreover, 340 garbage transfer stations have been upgraded and renovated. The Mawan energy eco-park has been completed. The environment-friendly power plant projects are progressing as planned and are expected to be put into operation in June 2019. The city’s daily domestic garbage will basically realize incineration treatment.