Shenzhen Government Online
General Introduction
From: Publicity Department of Shenzhen
Updated: 2018-08-09

Shenzhen is a coastal city in South China. It is located on the eastern bank of the Pearl River, neighboring Hong Kong. Shenzhen has been a touchstone for China's reform and opening-up policy.

Shenzhen is the first special economic zone (SEZ) proposed by Mr. Xi Zhongxun, then Party chief of the Guangdong Provincial Committee of the CPC and was designed by the late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, chief architect of China's reform and opening up.

From 1979 to 2018, Shenzhen has skyrocketed from a tiny border town with a population of more than 30,000 to a metropolis with a population of more than 10 million. It has become a prosperous, chic, innovative, harmonious and beautiful city and established many firsts in the history of world industrialization, urbanization and modernization.

The Economist marveled at the "Miracle of Shenzhen," saying China's most extraordinary practice since its reform and opening up 40 years ago is the establishment of special economic zones and calling Shenzhen the biggest success of more than 4,000 SEZs in the world.

As one of the most important international cities in China, Shenzhen is one of the most economically dynamic cities in the world. The city is the high-tech and manufacturing hub of southern China as well as a State-level innovative city. It has set up new standards of Shenzhen Quality.

Shenzhen is the best example of China's historic leap from "getting on its feet" to "becoming prosperous." Its GDP has grown from 197 million yuan in 1979 to 2.24 trillion yuan in 2017, ranking only after Beijing and Shanghai, equaling Hong Kong and is among the top 30 cities in the world.

Shenzhen now has become an international metropolis with great influence and boasts the country's best market-based, law-based and international business environment. It has the world's third-largest container port, Asia's largest land border port and China's five largest airports. It's home to seven Fortune Global 500 companies — Huawei, China Merchants Group, Ping An Group, Tencent, Vanke, Amer International Group and Evergrande. It has attracted more than 200 of Fortune 500 companies to invest here.

In Shenzhen, there are 5.6 State-level high-tech companies every square meter. An average of 51 patent applications are authorized daily and the city's investment in R&D accounts for over 4 percent of its total GDP.

Talents are the primary resources for Shenzhen's development. In 1979, Shenzhen had only one engineer and 325 technicians. In 2018, Shenzhen has more than 5.1 million talents in various sectors, 26 full-time academicians and 274 talents included in the "Thousand Talents Program."

As one of the world's "Cities of Design," Shenzhen has 6,000 design companies employing more than 60,000 professional designers.

Shenzhen is making great efforts to implement the Shenzhen Cultural Innovative Development 2020 Plan to support original designs and the development of the cultural and creative industries.

Shenzhen offers best public cultural services, hosts cultural exhibitions and performances regularly and enjoys a beautiful environment. It has nearly 1,000 parks. The enviable "Shenzhen Blue Sky" and its developed volunteer culture have made Shenzhen a paradise for entrepreneurs and makers from all over the world. It has been called as "a city without winter" and won the title of "2017 Amazing China — The 10 Most Attractive Chinese Cities for Foreigners."

From Shenzhen to the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, inclusiveness and openness are emerging. The plan of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen Scientific, Technological and Innovative Corridor has been officially released. The Hong Kong-Shenzhen Innovative, Scientific and Technological Park in Lok Ma Chau Loop Area is being built while progress has been made in the construction of the Shenzhen-Shantou Special Cooperation Zone.

From Shenzhen to the country, more open and international city clusters are taking shape. The new plan to achieve the 2035 Development Goal is being compiled. China will play a more active role in the world.

From Shenzhen to the world, Shenzhen offers its experience as a special economic zone to the special economic zones in other countries. Overseas visitors are coming to learn from Shenzhen and seek the key to China's reform and opening up.

The young city, whose residents' average age is 32.5, is implementing new concepts for development and is building itself into a demonstration zone for innovation for China's implementation of UN 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. Shenzhen is striving to become an important window to the world and a demonstration zone for practicing Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.